Maps: Overview


Global Banking Regulation

Gross Domestic Product Per Capita

GDP per capita is gross domestic product divided by midyear population. GDP is the sum of gross value added by all resident producers in the economy plus any product taxes and minus any subsidies not included in the value of the products.

world map showing the cost and frequency of recent systemic banking crises
Gross National Savings

Gross savings are calculated as gross national income less total consumption, plus net transfers.

world map showing the cost and frequency of recent systemic banking crises

Global Financial Development

Access to Financial Institutions

This map shows a population's access to financial institutions, defined as the number of depositors with commercial bank accounts per 1,000 adults.

world map showing the cost and frequency of recent systemic banking crises
Access to Financial Markets

This map reflects a population's access to financial markets, as defined by the ratio of market capitalization (outside the 10 largest companies) to total market capitalization in a country.

world map showing the cost and frequency of recent systemic banking crises
Depth of Financial Institutions

This map shows the depth of a country's financial institutions, as defined by the ratio of domestic private credit to GDP. This excludes credit issued to governments, government agencies, and public enterprises as well as credit issued by central banks.

world map showing the cost and frequency of recent systemic banking crises
Depth of Financial Markets

This map reflects the depth of financial markets, defined as stock market capitalization plus the amount of outstanding domestic private debt securities as a percentage of GDP.

world map showing the cost and frequency of recent systemic banking crises
Efficiency of Financial Institutions

This map shows the efficiency of financial institutions as defined by the lending rate charged by banks minus the deposit rate paid by banks.

world map showing the cost and frequency of recent systemic banking crises
Efficiency of Financial Markets

This map reflects the efficiency of financial markets, based on the stock market turnover ratio. This ratio is calculated as the total value of shares traded divided by the average market capitalization for the period.

world map showing the cost and frequency of recent systemic banking crises
Stability of Financial Institutions

This map estimates the stability of financial institutions in each country using commercial bank z-score, a measure of bank solvency risk.

world map showing the cost and frequency of recent systemic banking crises

Crises

Banking Failures Have Tapered Off Since The Housing Market Bubble

The FDIC has dealt with three major cycles of bank failures after the Great Depression from 1933-1943, the savings and loan and commercial bank troubles in the 1980s and early 1990s and the housing market bubble and collapse from 2007 to 2009.

world map showing the cost and frequency of recent systemic banking crises
Cost and Frequency of Recent Systemic Banking Crises

Since 1970, the world has seen 147 financial crises in 116 countries. They are shown here by year and by cost (the larger the circle, the larger the fiscal cost of the particular banking crisis).

world map showing the cost and frequency of recent systemic banking crises

Additional Maps

BRICS Summit 2015: A New Era for Development Banks

The BRICS countries established the New Development Bank (NDB), which will be headquartered in Shanghai, China, at the BRICS summit on July 21, 2015.

world map showing the cost and frequency of recent systemic banking crises
Global Banks' Headquarters Have Become Less Concentrated

The global banking industry has become more geographically fragmented since 1993. The headquarters of the world's biggest banks are no longer concentrated in Japan, but in China and the United States.

world map showing the cost and frequency of recent systemic banking crises
Payday Lending in the United States

Regulation on payday lending in the United States is limited and varies widely across states.

world map showing the cost and frequency of recent systemic banking crises